There are different kinds of wagering and spread betting is one that is based on an event outcome. The accuracy of the wager determines the pay off. Unlike a simple outcome of ‘win or lose’ like money-line, par mutual or fixed-odd betting, the spread betting is therefore more challenging.
A range of results is spread and a Bet is about whether a result will be below or above the spread. In the United Kingdom, spread betting has been a main market of growth during the latest years. Currently the number of gamblers in the country is nearly a million. Carrying a considerably high risk level and in excess of the initial money wagered and having potential gains of loses spread betting is quite attractive. In England, it is not regulated by the Gambling Commission but Financial Conduct Authority.
Spread betting has a general objective to make an active market for both binary wager sides, which is even when the event outcome seems to be a priory towards a side or the other to be biased. A strong team in a sporting team could be matched up against a team that is historically weaker. Almost each game will create an underdog and a favorite. A handicap towards the underdog is the point spread in spread betting basically. That is why it doesn’t use too simple a wager like “do you think that the favorite will win”. If so, then there will be likely more bets coming for the favorite. On the contrary, spread betting should be an extent so that there will not be too few betters that want to take the underdog. The point spread can therefore be moved to any grade in order to make the number of participants on every wager’s side equal. As a result, a bookmarker will be able to create a market by welcoming wagers coming from the spread’s both sides. From that, a bookmarker can play a role as the counterparty of every participant by charging a vigorish and commission. Profit can possibly come from the commissions because the bookmarker has no concern with the real outcome as long as each side has roughly equal amount wagered.
Spread betting therefore implies 50 percent for the wager’s both sides as it is aimed to make wagers in equal number. To make profit, the bookmarker ought to pay one or both sides an amount that is less than the national amount. In fact, spreads of spread betting can be seen a little bit favoring one side and that is why bookmarkers may revise often their odds so that their event risk can be managed.
The inventor of spread betting is Charles K. McNeil. He was originally from Connecticut and was a mathematics teacher becoming a bookmarker in the 1940s in Chicago. In the 1980s the spread betting then turned to become popular in the United Kingdom. In north America the gamblers of spread betting are usually wagers with scores of two teams’ difference less or more than specific value set by the bookmarker.